What Is Tongue Cancer?

What Is Tongue Cance

Tongue cancer is the most common oral cancer, which mostly occurs in the margin of tongue, and other regions such as tip, dorsum and root of tongue. Tongue cancer is often manifested as ulcerated or infiltrative type.

How Common Tongue Cancer Is?

According to statistics, the incidence rate of tongue cancer accounts for 0.8 % to 1.5% of systemic malignant tumors, 5% ~7.8 % of malignant tumors in head and neck, and 32.3% ~ 50.6 % of oral cancer. The incidence rate of tongue cancer is higher in men than women, and average age of incidence is about 60 years old.

What Are Symptoms of Tongue Cancer?

  • Ulcers on margin, tip, and dorsum of tongue do not go away for a long time.
  • A painful (tenderness) lump on tongue which is hard, with unclear edge, and growing rapidly.
  • Movement of tongue is restricted, appearing difficult in eating and swallowing.

What Are Causes of Tongue Cancer?

 Causes of Tongue Cancer

The causes of tongue cancer have not been fully determined, but at present a consistent view is that chronic injury, ultraviolet radiation, X-ray and other radioactive substances can be pathogenic factors of tongue cancer, in addition, mental factors, endocrine factors, immune state and genetic factors are also found to be related to the occurrence of tongue cancer.

What Are Diagnostic Methods of Tongue Cancer?

Imaging examination: X-ray plain film, tomography and CT have diagnostic values to determine the extent of tongue cancer. Biopsy: scraping smear for suspected lesions of tongue or cutting tissues for biopsy can be done, as for patient with enlargement of cervical lymph nodes, when it is necessary, biopsy of lymph node can be done.

What Are Treatment Methods for Tongue Cancer?

Surgery: it is a main treatment method for tongue cancer. Experts point out, for cases in stage T1 X-shaped resection of tumor can be done at 1 cm away from the lesion. As for cases in stage T2-T4, half tongue resection or total resection of tongue should be done. Radiotherapy: it can be used as adjuvant therapy before and after surgery for advanced patients.

Chemotherapy: it can also be used as adjuvant therapy before and after surgery for advanced patients, in addition, chemotherapy is also applicable to patients with distant metastases.

Traditional Chinese medicine: it can compensate the deficiencies of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, consolidate treatment effect and reduce the toxic side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

In addition, Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou is equipped with a series of minimally invasive techniques on treatment of tongue cancer. A comprehensive and effective treatment plan will be tailored for patients with tongue cancer by experts.

What Are Nursing and Care Methods After Surgery?

At the day after surgery, patients should lie down flat (do not use pillow), and at the next day patients can lie on bed in a semireclining position, so as to reduce head, facial and wound congestion and edema.

Closely observe vital signs of patients and keep respiratory tract clear.

Observe whether drainage tube is smooth, recording color, quality, and quantity of drainage, if any abnormality occurs, it should be immediately reported to doctors.

After surgery, patients should take nutrition meal by nasal feeding. After7- 10 days, patients can try to eat liquid food. Guide patients to do good oral care and keep oral cavity clean.

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If you still have questions about Tongue Cancer treatment, please click the following links or have online consultation with our experts to get detailed answers.

What are the treatment options for Tongue Cancer patients?

Which kind of treatment has fewer side effects?

Different treatment options for different stages of Tongue Cancer

Prevention and treatment for metastatic Tongue Cancer.

How to improve the survival time and living quality of Tongue Cancer patients?

Voice out your inquiries to online medical professionals and you shall be provided with satisfying answers.

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How We Treat Cancer?

Interventional Therapy

Interventional Therapy is a new substitute of traditional chemotherapy, which means that a physician introduces instruments such as needles or catheters (long, thin tubes) into the body through tiny(1-2 mm) incisions in the skin. The instruments are then guided by an imaging technique called fluoroscopy to the cancer tumor. In this way, the physician can deliver cancer medicine directly to the tumor.more info

Cryotherapy Therapy

Cryotherapy Therapy, also known as “Argon-Helium Knife Cryotherapy”, is a new substitute of traditional physical therapy. Practically speaking it is “extreme cold + extreme heat” cancer treatment. Generally, a minimum of 10-15 minutes is required to achieve an extreme analgesic (pain relieving) effect while lowering the temperature to the injured area, thus reducing the metabolic rate and swelling associated with tissue injury.more info

Particle Knife

Particle Knife is a new substitute of traditional radiation therapy. With the help of computer Treatment Planning System (TPS), radioactive particles will be implanted into tumors. The particles which release γ-rays can continuously kill tumor and cause destruction targeting tumor cells. With time, the radiation amount would accumulate to be large enough to destroy the DNA double strands of tumor cells.more info


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Our medical team includes surgeons, radiology oncologists, medical oncologists, nurses, nutritionists, accompanied by interpreters and related health experts; we shall be dedicated to provide you a convenient and high-quality service.

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